INTEGRACIÓN / INTERNACIÓN: Urbanity, Urbanism and their Discontents Texts

Updated on May 04, 2020 INTRODUCTION This exhibit from the National Archives of the Philippines presents selected administrative records from the country’s Spanish colonial period.  The focus is on Cebu and its neighboring islands. There are three sections.  The first part deals with the infrastructure of Spanish rule.  Included are materials on the charting of continue reading : INTEGRACIÓN / INTERNACIÓN: Urbanity, Urbanism and their Discontents Texts

El Árbol de la Libertad

          The history of the struggle for independence of the Philippines and Latin-American countries, such as Mexico, Argentina, Cuba, and Peru, is shown in this exhibit. I.  THE SEED OF LIBERTY          The Philippine Declaration of Independence of 1898 is the only such declaration which mentions “el árbol continue reading : El Árbol de la Libertad